Joachim Wtteweal / Willem Van Swaenenburg / Tronus Justitiae /  1609

Joachim Vyttewael            Willem  Van Swaenenburg            Petrus De Jode            Christoffel Van Sichem  

A selection of rare high mannerism prints from this famous work.

Inventor
Wttewael  Joachim  (Netherlandish, Utrecht 1566–1638 Utrecht)
Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, glasspainter. Pupil of painter Joos de Beer. Between 1588 and 1590 in Padua. c.1590-92 in France, working for Charles de Bourgneuf de CucÚ, bishop of St. Malo. c.1592 back in Utrecht. He was working in the designs for two windows in the church of St. Jan in Gouda between 1595-96. In 1610 mentioned on a list of members of the Utrecht citycouncil, supporting the Contra-Remonstrant revolt. he was one of the founding member of the Utrecht Guild of St. Luke in 1611 and elected member of the city council. Master of Hendrick de Keyser, Peter van Winsen and Andries van Bochhoven. Father of the painter Peter Wtewael
Engraver
 Willem van Swanenburg ( Dutch 1580 - 1612)
Engraver; active in Leiden. Pupil of his father Isaac, and of Jan Saenredam (qq.vv.). Signed his plates sometimes as 'GSwanenburg' (Latin version , Guilielmus).
Publisher
Christoffel van Sichem I ( Flemish; 1546 - 1624)
Engraver, etcher, woodcutter, printer and publisher; son of Cornelis Karelsz, takes the name van Sichem from a village in Brabant where his father was born; pupil of Jan Muller until 1564; probably some years in Antwerp and c. 1568-1597 in Basel, 1598 in Amsterdam, 1603 in Leiden, 1604 in Amsterdam; father of Christoffel II and Karel.

TRONUS JUSTITIAE
A series of thirteen numbered plates showing 'pictures of justice' (scenes taken from the Bible, ancient history and legend) after Joachim Wttewael by Willem Swanenburg (Hollstein 49-62), first published by Christoffel van Sichem in 1606.  Uncolplete series as also the set in the British Museum.

Plate 2: The Judgement of Solomon [1 Kings 3]. The king seated under a canopy inside a colonnade at left, one woman kneeling in front of him and another holding a baby, a dead baby lying in between the parties, one of the soldiers grabbing the baby and ready to execute the king's judgement, a crowd surrounding, a halberdier standing at far left (H.51) Plate 6: Cambyses commanding the flaying of the judge Sisamnes. The Persian king placing Sisamnes' son and successor Otanes on his father's throne at left, which is covered in his father's skin, three soldiers at right, Sisamnes being flayed alive on a platform in front of a crowd in background (H.55) Plate 10: Alexander the Great as a judge. The general seated under a canopy in a round room and covering one of his ears, the accuser addressing him while others listen (H.59)
Plate 9: The judge Bias shedding tears. Interior of a court-room with the judge seated under a canopy at left and crying, a young man reading the judgement at centre, soldiers surrounding (H.58) Title page
(Not mentioned in the BM description)
Plate 10: Alexander the Great as a judge. The general seated under a canopy in a round room and covering one of his ears, the accuser addressing him while others listen (H.59)

 


 

Plate 6: Cambyses commanding the flaying of the judge Sisamnes. The Persian king placing Sisamnes' son and successor Otanes on his father's throne at left, which is covered in his father's skin, three soldiers at right, Sisamnes being flayed alive on a platform in front of a crowd in background (H.55) Plate 12: Allegory of Justice. A court scene with a man apparently being pardoned by a judge, who is seated under a canopy at left and pointing his sceptre at him, a soldier removing the handcuffs, gallows in left background, a building being constructed in right background; (H.61) Plate 5: The Beheading of the Roman judge Papinian. Interior of a house with the headless body of Papinian lying on the ground, a soldier with an axe seen from behind at left, the judge's head presented to emperor Caracalla at right, the same Caracalla seen in background and stabbing his brother Geta to death, the latter seeking help from his mother;(H.54)

Plate 11: Allegory of Justice. A street scene with a shepherd presenting a sheet (a complaint or appeal?) to a judge at left, who rejects it and walks away, a group of pikemen onlooking at right, a classical city in background; (H.60)

Plate 3: Susanna before Daniel [Daniel 13]. The young man standing at centre, and pointing at Susanna who is being led off for execution by soldiers at left, a judge seated under a canopy at right and surrounded by his councillors, Susanna harassed by the elders in central background;(H.52)

Plate 1: Moses and Jethro [Exodus 17-18]. Landscape with Moses holding the 'rod of God' and embracing his father-in-law at right, Jethro's wife and children standing at far right, Moses seen again under a canopy in left background and giving audience, a group of people seen from behind and onlooking in lower left; (H.50)


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