Herman Van Swanevelt (1600-1655) - Dutch School
painter and etcher was also called Herman d'Italy or Il Erimita. Born in the
Netherlands, he first went to Paris and then to Rome between 1629 and 1641. In
the 1630s the Dutch Italianate painter Herman van Swanevelt (ca. 1603-1655)
developed in Rome, in collaboration with his colleague and contemporary Claude
Lorrain, what in those days was a new type of idyllic ideal landscape whose
sunlit 'contrejours' reflected the times of day and which Swanevelt continued to
disseminate in the North after he moved to Paris. It was however chiefly his
etchings which made this new type of landscape accessible to a large public, and
which decisively contributed to the development of the taste for landscape art
into the eighteenth century, notably in France. In terms of quality and
quantity, Swanevelt was the foremost etcher among the early Italianates. The
first of his etchings were made in Rome, probably stimulated by the French
etchers Charles Audran, who lived in his house there from 1632 to 1634, and by
Claude Lorrain, who made 39 etchings in the 1630s, while most of Swanevelt's -
90 - originated in Paris. The only works he dated are two late series (1653 and
Swanevelt is a link between the first (Breenbergh) and the third (Both) generations of Italianisants.
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